Tuesday, 16 October 2012

Defining Vs Non-Defining Relative Clause

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 324-5):
A clause functioning as Qualifier in the nominal group is referred to as a relative clause; more specifically, as a defining relative clause (in contrast to a non-defining relative clause, which is not embedded but hypotactically dependent).

Nominal Group As Qualifier

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 324):
It is also possible for a nominal group to function as Qualifier inside the structure of another nominal group, for example my brother the lawyer, where the lawyer defines which brother is being referred to. Such instances typically have a possessive determiner as the Deictic element.

Qualifier: Nature Of The Characterisation

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 324):
But the characterisation here is in terms of some process in which the Thing is, directly or indirectly, a participant. It may be a major process — that is, a clause, finite or non-finite; or a minor process — a prepositional phrase. … The non-finite clause may appear in this environment with no verb present, eg the poles with flags on

Qualifier: Function

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 324):
Like the other, ‘ranking’ (ie not embedded) elements of the nominal group, the Qualifier also has the function of characterising the Thing; and again the Deictic the serves to signal that the characteristic in question is defining.