Thursday, 4 October 2012

Nominal Group & Prepositional Phrase: Functional Overlap

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 311):
There is also some overlap between nominal groups and prepositional phrases. … the distinction between participants and circumstances is less clear in the ergative organisation of the clause, and this means that certain participants (Agent, Range, Beneficiary) are realised by prepositional phrases to indicate a special status in the clause as message (when they are presented as early or late news … ). At the same time, circumstances of location and extent may be realised by nominal groups without a preposition marking the circumstantial relation … .

Adverbial Group & Prepositional Phrase: Functional Overlap

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 311):
But prepositional phrases encroach on the functional ground of adverbial groups, partly by means of phrasal templates) … ; and adverbial groups may serve as Location in time or space. These latter often have as Head an adverb that derives from preposition + noun (for example upstairs, ouside, overseas; today, tomorrow).

Adverbial Group & Prepositional Phrase: Viewed From Above

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 311):
While adverbial groups tend to realise circumstances of Manner: quality … and Manner: degree … — as well as modal and textual Adjuncts, other, experientially more complex circumstances that are more like indirect participants (for example Location, Cause, Accompaniment) tend to be realised by prepositional phrases.

Adverbial Group & Prepositional Phrase: Functional Potential

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 311):
… there is functional overlap between adverbial group (and conjunction group) and prepositional phrase. They have the same general functional potential; but they differ in two related respects. 
 (1) Since prepositional phrases include a nominal group, they have greater expressive potential than adverbial groups. 
 (2) Consequently they can construe more experientially complex circumstances.