Thursday, 3 May 2012

Ergative Model As Nuclear

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 295):
… the ergative is a nuclear rather than a linear interpretation; and if this component is to the fore, there may be a whole cluster of participant–like functions in the clause: not only Agent but also Beneficiary and Range.

Transitive Model As Linear

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 295):
The transitive is a linear interpretation; and since the only function that can be defined by extension in this way is Goal (together with, perhaps, the analogous functions of Target in a verbal process and Phenomenon* in a mental process of the please [‘impinging’] type), systems which are predominantly transitive in character tend to emphasise the distinction between participants (ie direct participants, Actor and Goal only) and circumstances (all other functions).
* It strikes me that this should be Senser, not Phenomenon.