Tuesday, 17 April 2012

Circumstance As Minor Process

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 277):
… the nominal group stands to the preposition in some kind of transitivity relation, as well as in a relationship like that of Complement to Predicator in mood structure …

Circumstance As Minor Relational Or Verbal Process

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 263):
… what is important is the notion of ‘circumstance’ as a kind of additional minor process, subsidiary to the main one, but embodying some of the features of a relational or verbal process, and so introducing a further entity as an indirect participant in the clause.

Relating Circumstance Types To Process (& Logical) Types

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 261-3):
relational circumstantial [enhancing] … Extent … Location … Manner … Cause … Contingency …
relational possessive [extending] … Accompaniment …
relational intensive [elaborating] … Rôle …
verbal [projecting] … Matter … Angle …

Relating Circumstance Types To Process Types

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 261):
We are able to do this because a circumstantial element is itself, from this point of view, a process that has become parasitic on another process. Instead of standing on its own, it serves as an expansion of something else. Most circumstantials can be derived from the three types of relational process [ie intensive, possessive, circumstantial]; the largest group, not surprisingly, from that type of relational process for which we use the label ‘circumstantial’.