Monday, 16 April 2012

Prepositional Phrases As Participants [Diagnostic]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 278):
Wherever there is systematic alternation between a prepositional phrase and a nominal group, as in all the instances in Participant functions realised by prepositional phrases, the element in question is interpreted as a participant.

Indirect Participants Vs Circumstances

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 261):
We can make a contrast, then, between direct and indirect participants, using ‘indirect participant’ to refer to the status of a nominal group that is inside a prepositional phrase … the participant rôles of (1) Client, Recipient and Receiver [ie Beneficiary] and (2) Scope, Behaviour and Verbiage [ie Range] are sometimes expressed ‘indirectly’ in this sense … The elements we are treating as ‘circumstantial’ are those in which the participant typically — and in many cases obligatorily — is indirect, being linked into the process via some preposition or other.

Prepositional Phrase: A Hybrid Construction

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 261):
But a prepositional phrase is an odd sort of hybrid construction. It has a nominal group inside it, as a constituent, so it looks bigger than a group; and yet it is still not quite a clause. In English, this nominal group inside a prepositional phrase is no different from a nominal group functioning directly as a participant in a clause … But it is allowed in, as it were, only indirectly — through the intermediary of a preposition