Friday, 13 April 2012

Target: The Participant That Is Acted Upon Verbally

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 256):
The Target occurs only in a sub-type of ‘verbal’ clause; this function construes the entity that is targeted by the process of saying … Verbs that accept a Target do not easily project reported speech; this type of clause is closer to the Actor + Goal structure of a ‘material’ clause … The source of praise, blame etc is construed either as a circumstance or as an enhancing hypotactic clause … but not as a projection …

Verbiage As The Name Of The Saying

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 256):
This type also occurs with ‘empty’ verbs like give and make, eg give an order, make a statement.  The name of the saying includes speech functional categories such as question, statement, order, command — often with collocational constraints in relation to the lexical verb in the Process … and generic categories such as story, fable, joke, report, summary.  The name of a language can be construed as Verbiage … alternatively, this is construed circumstantially as Manner …

Verbiage As The Content Of What Is Said: Beneficiary

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 256n):
Order, promise and other such processes can be construed with a Beneficiary.  With promise this Beneficiary is the Receiver of a ‘verbal’ clause, but with order this Beneficiary is more like the Client of a ‘material’ clause denoting the creation of goods or the performance of a service …

Verbiage As The Content Of What Is Said

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 256):
… this type of Verbiage is close in meaning to a circumstance of Matter … If the verbal process is one that projects goods–&–services rather than information, like order or promise, the Verbiage refers to these; for example, a steak in I ordered a steak

Verbiage: Two Types

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 255, 256):
The Verbiage is the function that corresponds to what is said, representing it as a class of thing rather than a report or quote … (a) It may be the content of what is said … (b) It may be the name of the saying … The two types of Verbiage are not sharply distinct …

Receiver: Realisation

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 255):
The Receiver is the one to whom the saying is directed … The Receiver may be Subject in a clause that is ‘receptive’ … The Receiver is realised by a nominal group typically denoting a conscious being (a potential speaker), a collective or an institution; the nominal group either occurs on its own or is marked by a preposition — almost always to but sometimes of.  The range of realisational possibilities depends on the lexical verb of the verbal group realising the Process …