Saturday, 7 April 2012

Circumstantial Identifying Clauses: Circumstance As Process

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 243):
In this type, it is not the participants that are the expression of time, place or other circumstantial features, but the Process. … Circumstantial verbs encode the circumstance of time, place, accompaniment, manner, etc as a relationship between the participants … This means that in terms of the concept of grammatical metaphor … all clauses of this type are metaphorical.

Circumstantial Identifying Clauses: Circumstance As (Both) Participants

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 242):
In this type, it is the participants — Identified and Identifier — that are circumstantial elements of time, place and so on. … The Token can be quite varied in grammatical class — a nominal group, an adverbial group, a prepositional phrase or an embedded clause, whereas the Value is often a nominal group with the name of a class of circumstance as Thing.

Circumstantial Identifying Clauses

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 242):
In the ‘identifying’ mode, the circumstance takes the form of a relationship between two entities; one entity being related to another by a feature of time or place or manner etc. As with the circumstantial attributive, this pattern may be organised semantically in one of two ways. The relationship is expressed either
(a) a feature of the participants … or
(b) as a feature of the process …