Monday, 12 March 2012

Mental Clauses Vs Material Clauses [Diagnostic: Probe & Substitute]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 207):
Mental processes … are not kinds of doing, and cannot be probed or substituted by do.

Mental Clauses Vs Material Clauses [Diagnostic: Unmarked Present Tense]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 197-8):
When the clause refers to present time, the tense of the verbal group serving as Process is the simple present rather than the present–in–present that is characteristic of ‘material’ clauses.
Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 206):
In a ‘mental’ clause, the unmarked present tense is the simple present … But in a ‘material’ clause the unmarked present tense is the present in present …

The Complement Of An ‘Emanating’ Mental Clause

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 198):
In contrast to the Subject, the Complement is realised by a nominal group that can denote entities of any kind

The Subject Of An ‘Emanating’ Mental Clause

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 198):
… the Subject is a nominal group denoting a conscious being

Emanating Vs Impinging Mental Clauses

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 197):
This process of sensing may be construed either as flowing from a person’s consciousness [‘like’ type] or as impinging on it [‘please’ type]; but it is not construed as a material act.

Mental Clauses [Characterisation]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 197):
While ‘material’ clauses are concerned with our experience of the material world, ‘mental’ clauses are concerned with our experience of the world of our own consciousness. They are clauses of sensing: a ‘mental’ clause construes a quantum of change in the flow of events taking place in our own consciousness.