Friday, 9 March 2012

Material Participants Are 'Things'

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 203):
In a ‘material’ clause, every participant is a thing; that is, it is a phenomenon of our experience, including of course our inner experience or imagination — some entity (person, creature, institution, object, substance or abstraction).

On The Cline Between Participants And Circumstances

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 195):
Scope, Recipient and Client are clearly treated by the grammar as participants; for example, they are all candidates for subjecthood in a ‘receptive’ clause. However, at the same time, they are clearly located some distance towards circumstances on the cline between participants and circumstances, which is reflected in the fact that that, under certain conditions, they may be marked by a preposition [minor Process]. There are also, in fact, certain circumstances that are construed as inherent in a process. This happens with [outcome] ‘enhancing’ clauses construing movement of a participant through space: here a circumstance of Place represents the destination of that movement and may be inherent in the process.

Attribute: Material Vs Relational Clause

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 195):
In a ‘material’ clause, the Attribute is always an optional added specification. In contrast, it is an inherent part of the configuration of a ‘relational’ clause and cannot be left out.
[But note that the Attribute is sometimes conflated with the relational process, as in Accuracy matters.]

Depictive Attribute

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 195):
There is also a non-resultative variant of the Attribute. This is the depictive Attribute serving to specify the state in which the Actor or Goal is when it takes part in the process

Resultative Attribute

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 195):
[The Attribute] enters into ‘material’ clauses in a restricted way. In certain clauses with an ‘elaborating’ outcome, the Attribute may be used to construe the resultant qualitative state of the Actor or Goal after the process has been completed … Such Attributes are called resultative Attributes. They are only marginal participants. While they are unlike cicumstances in that they are not marked by prepositions, they are also unlike true participants in that they cannot serve as Subject. There is in fact a closely related circumstance — the resultative Rôle or ‘product’